Data Review, Monitoring, and Signatures

Instructions for Conducting Review of Data, Including Monitoring and Applying Electronic Signatures

The ability to review CRFs is configured by the Study Administrator. The rules applied to each study can vary. This article will cover the review process in a common configuration for both a Monitor reviewer and an Investigator signature. Use one of these links to jump to the applicable section:

Record/CRF Review Overview

Reviewing or Monitoring Without Field Source Verification

Batch Review / Locking and Bypassing

Monitoring With Field Source Verification

Applying Signatures

Unlocking Records 

Review Targeted Data For the Current Subject

Historical Listings and Monitoring Report



Record/CRF Reviewing Overview

Record review levels are set up by the Study Administrator based on user roles. If you have the ability to review and/or sign off on records, a button will be displayed at the bottom of every subject CRF to mark the corresponding data as reviewed at your role level (e.g. Monitor reviewed, Investigator Reviewed, etc). Bulk review functionality is also available from the Action Item Report if the study is set up to support it.

Important points on how record review works in TrialKit:

  1. The data review workflow in TrialKit can be configured to allow only completed records (no open queries) to be reviewed/locked. Alternatively, studies can be set up to allow the first review level (typically Monitors) to perform initial verification regardless of the form's current state. Data changes on Monitor tagged forms will break the soft review level only if there are open queries on the form. This gets logged in the audit trail and Monitor Report so it is transparent to all users. 

    1. Reviewing should not be confused with Freezing, which can be done anytime by anyone with that permission. Not all users will necessarily see the option to freeze forms.

    2. Studies may also be set up for partial review capabilities where a reviewer can lock individual fields on forms to prevent further data changes on specific data points. In these cases, an entire form cannot be reviewed until all necessary fields have been locked on the form. Site users may also have permission to unlock (or un-monitor) those fields if they need to make a change. Monitored or unmonitored (locked or unlocked) fields are clearly shown in the Field Lock (FLSV) Report.

  2. For a CRF to be reviewed or locked by the first review level (typically a study Monitor), depending on the study design, may first require that all queries are closed on the form.

  3. For a list of records awaiting a review level, use the Action Item Report. The progression of records through review levels can be referenced on the Dashboard Report. For Monitors to track any initial verifications and subsequent changes that sites have made, use the Monitor Report.

Reviewing or Monitoring Without Field Source Verification

Prerequisite: User has the role assigned to a given review level and has Access to the Action Items Report.

The easiest place to see all records ready for review at a given level is the Action Item Report. This can be accessed on both the web browser and mobile app.

Web Browser:


From here, you may or may not see all the sections below, depending on your permissions. Tap the section header to expand the list of records ready for review at that level.


Mobile App:


From the list you can filter by site, select forms to open/review, or batch select for performing bulk actions. Some options shown below are based on your user permissions determined by a Study Administrator.


You will see the option to mark a record as reviewed when the form is open. 

Web Browser:

Tap the confirm review button at the bottom of the form. Once that is done, you may be redirected to the action items report if that is where you are working from. Otherwise, the review history will be displayed at the top of the form that was reviewed. If you are not redirected to the action items, use the link at the bottom right side of the screen.


Mobile App:

Tap the Review Icon in the toolbar at the top of the form. In this example, the icon contains a value of "1" - meaning the record is being reviewed at the first workflow level. 


Reviewed Status Icons

The record status icons will indicate which level records have been reviewed based on the order of workflow starting with One and sequencing up to Five.

Mobile app: ReviewIcon1

Web browser:


Batch Review/Locking and Bypassing

Records can be marked as reviewed more quickly in batches without opening up each form. They can also be bypassed in batch.

Prerequisite: Access to Subject Record Management - Batch Lock and Sign Records and Bypass Review Level.

Note: Bypass permission must be granted along with batch lock permission, but the batch lock can be granted without the bypass permission.


Web Browser: 

Batch Review can be done in the action items report by selecting a group of records and then tapping the batch review button at the bottom.

Bypassing Records

If the bypass permission has been granted to your role, it can be performed from the action items report as shown below.


If there are field level SDV requirements within any of the forms selected, and those SDV requirements are not met, the batch review will still get processed, but will return a popup message letting the user know which records it could not be done for.

Volume Batch Locking

Web Browser:

To easily review ALL records for a given site and form, there is a separate function available, depending on the permissions granted. It allows for batch reviewing an entire list of records for a given form without selecting groups from the action items report.

Prerequisite: User must have access to Subject Record Management - Volume Batch Record Lock.

When enabled, users will see this option on the Subject Manager the following screen.

Web Browser:


Select site(s), form, and level where. you want the records to be locked. Remember, the user will be limited to their own sites and assigned review levels.


Once executed the number of records locked will be displayed for reference.

This function does not check which forms are omitted from review levels. For example, if the Registration form is omitted from the Investigator review in the study design, the action items report will account for that, but the volume batch lock function will not. In other words, the Investigator would still be able to sign off and lock all Registration records at their own level.

Monitoring With Field Source Verification

Some forms may require source data verification before the whole form can be marked reviewed.

Prerequisite: The user's role must be assigned to the same workflow level that is configured to perform field source verification.

All required fields must be source verified (locked) before the form can be reviewed and progress to the next workflow level. Those fields can be seen when the form is open.

Web Browser:

In the image below the highlighted field has not yet been locked. Until doing so, the form as a whole cannot be marked reviewed and locked. Instead, only the specific fields are locked.

Click on the Lock icon to SDV and lock that field. 


Mobile App:

Tap and hold the lock icon next to the field for 1 second.


The button at the top of the page, "Lock Fields" also provides a quick option to lock all applicable fields on the page. This can be helpful when many fields exist on the page. If queries then need to be added, just tap on the needed fields to unlock those again to add queries.

Web Browser:



Mobile App:


When fields are locked, data entry personnel will only be able to change the data in those fields if they have the Field Unlock permission, granted by a Study Administrator.

As fields get locked, they will get stamped in the Field Lock Report.

Field Lock Report

This report is a good way to see all fields that are either awaiting lock or have been locked (i.e. SDV history and outlook)

Prerequisite: The user has access to the Monitor Report.

The Field Lock Report displays the defined data fields which are either awaiting review or have been reviewed (locked).

The Field Lock Report can be found under the Reports menu. Any user role with access to the Monitor Report will also have access to the Field Lock Report.

A table similar to below will display:


To see which fields are awaiting lock, filter the status dropdown to "Unlocked" records. 

To see a list of what historical work has been done, filter the list by the status "Locked" records.

FLSV Date is the date when the field was last locked.



Applying Signatures

Records progressing through the review levels defined in a study often require eSignatures at one or more levels. This is commonly done by a Site Investigator as a final review step but can differ among studies.

Records available to review can be accessed via the Action Item Report on both the Web Browser and the Mobile App as described in the first section of this article.

Once a record is marked as reviewed, if it requires a signature, you will see a popup window requiring an electronic signature. This is done by using sign-in credentials on the web browser, or by handwritten or biometric signature on the Mobile App.


Mobile App:

There are three methods for providing eSignature within TrialKit:

  • Traditional username/password entry - Web Browser and Mobile App
  • Handwritten (Analog) signature - Mobile App only
  • Biometrics - Mobile App only on devices with biometric support

On the signature window in the Mobile App, the handwritten option will be the default. Biometric or Sign In options can also be selected if preferred and if the device supports biometrics.

When a signature is provided the system logs the event, user, date, and signature type utilized. This information is presented in audit trails with other information.

Batch Signatures

To perform review and signatures in batches, or to bypass record sign-off on subsets of records are functions that can only be performed if the user’s role has been granted the corresponding permissions. Batch and bypass review can be done from the Action Item Report.

Unlocking Records

By default, any user role responsible for a given review level can unlock that same level if it is the most recent review level performed. If the record has progressed to other levels, the user will need the Unlock Record permission, granted by a Study Administrator, to unlock other review levels.

Study Administrators, or other users with access, can batch-unlock records from the Study Events Report.

Review Targeted Data For the Current Subject

If reviewing data for a given subject, there is a quick method to do so without opening forms one by one or filtering reports for a given subject.

There is the ability to review reports directly from the subject's casebook screen.  the option is at the bottom right "Execute Reports", as shown below.

NOTE: Reports must have been built by the Study Administrator and made available to your role.

Web Browser:

Selecting "Execute Reports" will open a list of data listing reports created and available for your role.

NOTE: The same report can be run under the "Reports" but executing it within a subject provides a pre-filtered list for the current subject.

Monitor Report and Reviewed Records Listings

There are reports available to see the history of what records have been reviewed. These are listed below. 

  • Dashboard report
  • Record Status Report
  • Monitor Report (specific to the first review level)

For the first review level, the Monitor Report will show what is awaiting or has been monitored. This is especially helpful for studies where two initial passes are being done on records, referred to as a "soft" review.

Prerequisite: The user has access to the Monitor Report.

The report shows lists of records that:

  • Are ready for review
  • Have been either Monitored (first workflow level) or initially verified
  • Have been changed since the initial review, depending on site permissions to make changes
  • Records ready for final review/lock

Filters available so Monitors can produce lists of what needs to be monitored or work that has been completed, even using specific time periods. Those lists can also be exported to Excel from both the Web Browser and the Mobile App.

Access the Monitor Report under the Reports menu from both the Web Browser and Mobile App.

Web Browser:


Mobile App:

Located in the Reports menu.


I don't see the option to mark a form as reviewed. What factors are there to consider?

  • Your role is assigned as a reviewer.
  • The record has either been reviewed at the previous level or if it is the first level review the form does not have any open queries.
  • There are still fields on the form that requires source verification.
  • The form is omitted at specific review level(s).

Monitors want to mark a form as reviewed even though there are open queries to address. How is this done?

The study Administrator must configure the review level for a "Soft" review. This will allow for marking forms as reviewed even though queries still need to be resolved.